Newsletter of the Specialised Information Service Musicology
Optical Music Recognition (OMR)
musiconn.scoresearch: Relaunch with extensive repertoire expansion
On September 14, 2021 the extended version of musiconn.scoresearch went online. The original inventory of this OMR-based web application, which makes music notation within digitized music prints searchable, was enriched with part of the copyright-free inventory of the printed production archive from the Historical Archive of the music publisher B. Schott's Söhne, Mainz (Mus.Schott.Ha). This means that a total of more than 159,000 individual scans are now available for score-based searches, and the previous data volume has been more than doubled.
Test the new features of the musiconn.scoresearch application by entering, for example, the following note sequence into the virtual keyboard and searching for "Find exact results only" (cf. figure musiconn.scoresearch):
e' - b - g' - b' - b' - c'' - a' - f#' - d#' - b - e'
You will get two hits. The notes marked in green show you the match with your search. Since the relaunch of the website, you can further narrow down your hit lists on the left-hand side using faceted search.
Please note that the quality of OMR capture cannot be compared to that of OCR capture for text, and no error-free data is available. Within the scope of this project, we provide large amounts of data which, owing to their volume, are not subsequently corrected. With the large-scale capture of music prints by OMR, the Bavarian State Library is one of the first libraries worldwide to offer exclusive research access to musical sources in full text. As part of the FID Musicology, musiconn.scoresearch is constantly being further developed as a work-in-progress project.
"Die Musikforschung" now in Open Access: 74 years of musicological discourse united on musiconn.publish
Since 2017, the musiconn.publish repository (https://musiconn.qucosa.de/) has been offering authors and editors of the musicological community a wide range of options for the first and second publication of musicological literature in open access. The most recent addition was "Die Musikforschung" in September as the central publication organ of the Gesellschaft für Musikforschung.
The journal has been published since 1948 with four issues per year and now online with a moving wall of three years. To date, individual issues of volumes 64 (2011) to 70 (2017) have been published in open access at https://journals.qucosa.de/mf. Members of the Gesellschaft für Musikforschung also have access to the current and older volumes. A release of volumes published before 2011 is already planned, subject to the consent of the authors and rights holders.
As a valuable addition to the publication spectrum of musiconn.publish, "Die Musikforschung" offers contributions to the subject in its content-related and institutional characteristics as well as in its historical development. The journal's content is made available via the editorial system and access management of Open Journal Systems (OJS). OJS is now used for eight music journals published on musiconn.publish.
An introduction to the use of the software, which is provided free of charge, forms a central part of the open access service offered by musiconn.publish. Further services include the long-term archiving of digitally born and retro publications as well as their indexing in central subject bibliographies and reference systems. Persistent identifiers (URN and DOI) also guarantee the long-term referencing and citability of all contributions.
The expansion of the musiconn.de portal continues to progress and presents both proven and new service offerings in a new guise
The online portal musiconn.de is constantly being developed further in order to present the research options and services of the specialized information service for musicology in a contemporary manner and, in particular, to make them more usable. The most recent innovations focus in particular on the usability of the numerous services offered. By means of a clear tile structure, users can now obtain targeted information about specific offers and, in many cases, take advantage of them directly on the corresponding page.
For example, the request book service of the Bavarian State Library has been integrated, so that users can submit acquisition requests for music and musicology directly and easily via the musiconn portal. Currently, community requests for books, journals, printed music and web content as well as suggestions for special attention to research trends can be recorded.
The digital media licensed for the FID Musicology are now also presented more prominently, so that users can inform themselves about the individual products and the requirements for their use before registering.
In addition to the integration of the subscription/unsubscription option for the new musiconn newsletter, all previously published newsletter issues can be viewed and read in the associated newsletter archive.
Take a look at the new features of the musiconn.de portal for yourself!
musiconn.performance: New API for the retrieval of performance data
musiconn.performance was designed as a central reference and research tool for musical events (such as concerts, festivals, and opera performances) as part of the specialized information service Musicology and was made available for use at the beginning of February 2020. Since June 2021, musiconn.performance is available in an improved version. Since then, the research infrastructure offering at https://performance.musiconn.de/ has gathered information on more than 46,000 musical performance events and now makes them searchable and reusable not only via an optimized search tool, but also via an API.
Three functions are now available at https://performance.musiconn.de/api: (i) autocomplete - a simple search module for autocompleting search terms, (ii) get - for retrieving one or more records via internal IDs, and (iii) query - a module for simple and complex search queries. The API landing page also provides detailed descriptions and examples of how to design API URL paths to autocomplete, read, and search data in json, jsonp, and php formats.
The command ?action=autocomplete generates an alphabetically sorted list of hits for a search word or word beginning. To get data about the concert activity of a certain ensemble, the module "get" can be called with an API URL path like https://performance.musiconn.de/api?action=get&corporation=12&props=events|performances. Specifying an entity and its ID manages to retrieve the correct record and the parameter "props=events|performances" restricts the display to events and performances. Furthermore, lists of musical events with hits can be generated based on search terms and parameters to be selected. The search is carried out in the same way as the simple (full text) search or complex professional search at https://performance.musiconn.de/search.
In view of the volume of data contained in musiconn.performance, the performance of the API for queries such as these is being continuously developed and improved. In the future, additional formats for data retrieval will be added as needed. Further modules for the specialist community for downloading (and, in the future, uploading) data are also possible.
The "Répertoire International d'Iconographie Musicale" (RIdIM) was founded in 1971 as an international association for the cataloguing and indexing of music and dance representations in the field of fine arts and crafts. Within this framework, the project goal of the individual national working groups is the examination of all works of art that are accessible in the respective national territory and the recording and indexing of relevant objects.
The German RIdIM working group started its work in 1979 and since then has been screening collections of museums, archives and libraries in the Federal Republic of Germany with regard to music iconography.
As of April 26, 2021, the website of RIdIM's German office can be reached at the new address https://ridim.musiconn.de. In addition to the modernization of the design, the functionality of the website and its central database "Music and Dance in the Arts" in particular were optimized in the course of the second project phase of the Specialized Information Service for Musicology - thus the offer is now also available for easy use on mobile devices.
The relaunch included the import of the entire digital data stock: about 20,900 descriptions of music iconographic representations on objects from the arts and crafts and about 4,100 illustrations, the latter being extended by links to object illustrations in online collections of museums and libraries - all searchable by means of an extended search and internationally linked by the authority data of VIAF and GND.